How does a relational database execute SQL statements and prepared statements

Introduction In this article, we are going to see how a relational database executes SQL statements and prepared statements.

The best way to call a stored procedure with JPA and Hibernate

Introduction In this article, you are going to learn the best way to call a stored procedure when using JPA and Hibernate so that the underlying JDBC resources are released as soon as possible. I decided to write this article since the way Hibernate handles stored procedures can lead to ORA-01000: maximum open cursors exceeded issues on Oracle as explained in this Hibernate forum thread or StackOverflow question.

How does database pessimistic locking interact with INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE SQL statements

Introduction Relational database systems employ various Concurrency Control mechanisms to provide transactions with ACID property guarantees. While isolation levels are one way of choosing a given Concurrency Control mechanism, you can also use explicit locking whenever you want a finer-grained control to prevent data integrity issues. As previously explained, there are two types of explicit locking mechanisms: pessimistic (physical) and optimistic (logical). In this post, I’m going to explain how explicit pessimistic locking interacts with non-query DML statements (e.g. insert, update, and delete).