JPA providers market share in 2016

The survey

Java Persistence API is a standard. Hence, there are multiple options to choose from:

  • Hibernate
  • EclipseLink
  • OpenJPA

Some applications choose not to use an ORM framework at all. For this reason, I decided to run a one-day survey on Twitter to get a glimpse on the JPA providers market share.

The results

We had almost 700 people participating in this survey, and, in the end, Hibernate is leading the by a very large margin (e.g. 72%), meaning that it’s still the de facto choice for many production systems. EclipseLink is following with a market share of 13%, sharing the same percentage with the enterprise applications that chose not to use JPA.

Some have argued that the results might not be conclusive. However, similar results have been reported by ZeroTurnaround in 2014 and DZone in 2015.

Some time ago, I asked our community to rate the reason why they like Hibernate over other JPA providers:

Code quality and documentation seem to play a significant role.

Like any other open source framework, Hibernate has its issues. However, both the Hibernate development team and the community are working hard on fixing them. For instance, take the 5.1.1 release notes and see how many issues have been resolved. That’s impressive at least!

Regarding documentation, a new User Guide is now available. It took 3 months to rewrite it from scratch, but it was totally worth it.

For me, I think the amount of resources available on the Internet that makes Hibernate a very good choice. There are 57000 questions and answers on StackOverflow, as well as on the official forum. There are many blogs about Hibernate too. Just my blog alone contains over 80 articles related to Hibernate.

If you enjoyed this article, I bet you are going to love my book as well.


When used properly, Hibernate performs very well in production. Otherwise, it will not get such a great market share. For instance, check out these 14 Hibernate Performance Tips. If you want to get ultimate performance from Hibernate, I bet you are going to love my book as well.

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