hibernate custom Types allow you to map all sorts of database specific column types, like IP address, JSON columns, Bit sets or SQL arrays.
There are two ways to define a custom Hibernate Type:
The latter option is preferred since it allows you to better split the Java-to-JDBC and the JDBC-to-SQL type handling. In this article, we are going to see how you can map SQL arrays to their Java counterpart.
Continue reading “How to map Java and SQL arrays with JPA and Hibernate”
While developing Hibernate, I need to test the code base against a plethora of relational database systems: Oracle, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, Informix, and of course DB2.
However, having all these databases installed on my system is far from ideal, so I rely a lot on Docker for this task. In this article, I’m going to show how easily you can install DB2 on Docker and set up the JDBC connection so that you can run Hibernate tests on DB2.
Continue reading “How to install DB2 Express-C on Docker and set up the JDBC connection properties”
While doing my High-Performance Java Persistence training, I came to realize that it’s worth explaining how a relational database works, as otherwise, it is very difficult to grasp many transaction-related concepts like atomicity, durability, and checkpoints.
In this post, I’m going to give a high-level explanation of how a relational database works internally while also hinting some database-specific implementation details.
Continue reading “How does a relational database work”
Relational database systems employ various Concurrency Control mechanisms to provide transactions with ACID property guarantees. While isolation levels are one way of choosing a given Concurrency Control mechanism, you can also use explicit locking whenever you want a finer-grained control to prevent data integrity issues.
As previously explained, there are two types of explicit locking mechanisms: pessimistic (physical) and optimistic (logical). In this post, I’m going to explain how explicit pessimistic locking interacts with non-query DML statements (e.g. insert, update, and delete).
Continue reading “How does database pessimistic locking interact with INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE SQL statements”
Unlike SQL Server which, by default, relies on the 2PL (Two-Phase Locking) to implement the SQL standard isolation levels, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and MySQL InnoDB engine use MVCC (Multi-Version Concurrency Control).
However, providing a truly Serializable isolation level on top of MVCC is really difficult, and, in this post, I’ll demonstrate that it’s very difficult to prevent the Phantom Read anomaly without resorting to pessimistic locking.
Continue reading “A beginner’s guide to the Phantom Read anomaly, and how it differs between 2PL and MVCC”